Skip to main content

Full text of "Flora Indica Vol-I"

See other formats


FLORA INDICA.                                     59
varia. Ovaria 1-8. Folliculi totidem. JSemina ala scariosa laeera cir-
cumdata.—Heib&permnes, foliis bi-tri-ternatm sectis> floribus racemosis.
One East Europe and Siberian and two or three North American species consti-
tute the whole of the genus, which is distinguished from Actaa, by the dehiscent fruit
only, as in one of the American species the ovary is solitary.
1. C. fcetida (L. Syst. Nat. ed. 12. 659); foliolis ovatis lanceola-
ti$vz,$etalu 2-4 emarginatis vel bifi<lis, ovariis 4-8.—Ledeb. Jl. Ross.
i. 72. C. frigida, Royle! III. 57. Actsea Cimicifuga, L.; DC. Prod.
i. -64. A. frigida, Wall. Cat. 4725! Actinoapora frigida, ffisch. et
Meyer.
HAB. In sylvis Himalaya temperate, alt. 7-12,000 ped.: Kashmir,
Jacqwmont! Royle! Nipal, Wall.! Sikkiml Bhotan, Griffith!— (Fl.
Jul.) (v. 0.)
DISTRIB. Europa orient.! et Sibiria!
-Herba elata, foliosa, sabglabra, apice ferrugineo-tomentosa. Folia teniatim vel
quinatim 2-3-pinnatisecta, foliolis 1^-3-poll. 'subtus ad nervos pubescentibus vel
subglabris grosse Inciso-serratis. H&cemi simplices vel paniculam aimpliciter ramo-
sam elongatam ssepe pedalem formantes. Flares parvi, flavesceates.. fetala forma
valde varia, subsaccata^ et fere Integra, vel planiuscula -^-biloba, lobis apice incras-
satia, Folliculi ^-pollicares, breviter vel longe pedicelkti.
The form of the petals varies much, as well as the length of the pedicel of the
fruit and the shape of the leaflets •, nor can we find any character to distinguish the
Indian plant from the common North Asiatic species. C. Americana is also very
closely allied, bat differs in having much more elongated racemes and longer paler-
coloured seeds.
19. ACTJEA, L.
tiepala 4-5, regularia, elliptica. Petala oblonga vel linearia, 4-5
vel plura. Ovarium ^olitarium, oblongum, stigmate sessili peltato.
Frucisus indehiscens, baexiatus, polyspermus.—Herbae $erenn&, foliis 5i-
tri-ternatim sectis, floribus albictis' racemosis.
Two species, one common in the temperate parts of the northern hemisphere and
in the Himalaya, the other confined to America (and perhaps not really distinct), con-
stitute the whole of this genus.
1. A. spicata (L. Sp. 722); foliolis ovato-.vel obloago-lanceolatis
inciso-serratis, racemo simplici, pedicellis filiformibus.—DO. Prod. i.
65; Ledeb. Fl. Ross. i. 71. A. brachypetala, DC. Prod. i. 65 (mO.
var. 8). A. rubra, JBigekw; Torrey et Gray, II. N. Am. i. 85. , A.
arguta, Nuttall; Torrey et Gray! L c. A, acuminata, Wall. Gat. 4726!
Eoylef IlL 57.                                     ,
HAB. In Himalayae temperatse .«ylvis -. Marri, Iteming J Kashmir f
Kuraaon! BKotan, Griffith!—($\. Mai. Jun.) (0.«?.)
BISTKIB. Europa! Asia! et America I temp.   :
Gaulis erectus, bipedalis, basi squamosus, aphyllus. folia pedalia, deopmpouta,
foliolis l£-2|-polKcaribuB. Jtacmus terminalis, 1-8-pollioaris. Bacca ellipticto vel
subglobosaj.,
The thick fleshy pednndete, and petioles are probably sufficient to 'distinguish A.
alba of Bigelow j but the other supposed species are unquestionably identical, the co-
lour of the fruit alone appearing to vary.